Conclusions & Recommendations 


Related to ISA Implementation
Firstly as test results and several studies [pilot] have shown that ISA is new promising technology that would help in improving traffic safety on road by reducing the number of accidents especially due to speed. But implementation of ISA is surrounded by large uncertainties related to its effect on internal factors of the system, which also makes outcomes of interest and valuation of outcomes by actors, involved in policy decisions, uncertain. There are also economical, social, technical and legal uncertainties attached to ISA’s implementation. This makes the implementation process more complex and dynamic.
Secondly the most important issue to tackle for success of ISA as a policy option during implementation is User Acceptance. This would form the base of the success of ISA as a policy option. Gaining User acceptance is important during implementation because the success of market depends on the consumer demand. And if there is market success there are less chances of opposition from the actors.  Also the test results show that accidents would reduce if the penetration level of ISA is 60% or more. Hence User acceptance is the most important necessary condition on which other conditions are dependent.

Related to Adaptive Policymaking approach
As compared to traditional policy making adaptive policy making is a better and promising way to deal with the uncertainties related to implementation of ISA. In traditional policymaking scenarios are developed which are based on assumption of the future and policy actions are designed such that it would perform well across entire range of scenarios. But this might not work if there are large uncertainties and when the assumption goes wrong. The policy implemented would be completely wasted if the assumption goes wrong. While in adaptive approach the policy action is set considering the objective and this basic policy is protected against the uncertainties or vulnerabilities with mitigating& hedging actions before implementation and by corrective & defensive actions during implementation. It has a systematic method of dealing with uncertainties by monitoring mechanism, where it would give signal about the vulnerability and then relative action can be taken. So with adaptive policymaking approach action can be when required i.e. at right time and not just take action even if there is no threat. A great deal of legal and political support is required for Adaptive Policymaking approach, before implementation for mitigating and hedging actions and also during implementation when certain corrective or defensive actions are taken or when reassessment of the policy is required.


Related to ISA Implementation
The issues that should be addressed before implementation of ISA are [1] Legal Issues like development of technical standards and liability issue and [2] reliable Technical Operation of ISA system i.e. for Equipment, Speed data and Communication technology. This would help to increase co operation between the actors involved in the process of implementation and augment the development process of ISA.

Related to Adaptive Policymaking approach
Adaptive Policymaking approach doesn’t talk about a systematic way of identifying vulnerabilities and how these vulnerabilities affect each other.  It only says that vulnerabilities can be identified in conjunction with the basic policy and necessary conditions of success. It is important to know how these vulnerabilities affect each other as during implementation it would help us to know the relation between the signposts for example the relation between speed crimes and accidents, penetration level and accidents, price elasticity of demand and individual transport cost, etc. These relations between different signposts can also be monitored as it would give a better understanding of the situation at that point in time.  In this research integrated view on Policymaking has been used to identify the vulnerabilities and the relation between them. This can be seen in figure 6.2.
The approach also doesn’t inform about the systematic way the trigger should be handled. It is important to set the trigger level to take required defensive or corrective or reassessment actions as per the signal strength from the signpost. In this research the way the triggers are handled is explained in section6.4 and is shown in figure 6.7.

Adaptive Policymaking Approach can be tested with the Traditional Policymaking Approach by simulation game, where one team develops the policy using Adaptive Approach and other team using Traditional Approach. This would give a comparative idea between both the approaches.






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